Best Management Practices (BMPs) for Storm and Surface Water Management
About Best Management Practices
Best Management Practices (BMPs) are a method by which the adverse impacts of development and redevelopment are controlled through their application. BMPs are defined in the state's storm water Manual as "schedules of activities, prohibitions of practices, maintenance procedures, and structural and/or managerial practices, that when used singly or in combination, prevent or reduce the release of pollutants to waters of Washington State." The types of BMPs identified by the state are source control, runoff treatment, and flow control.
The primary purpose of using BMPs is to protect beneficial uses of water resources through the reduction of pollutant loads and concentrations, and through reduction of discharges (volumetric flow rates) causing stream channel erosion.
This page highlights a few best management practices for storm and surface water management. Additional resources include the Association of Washington Cities Stormwater Program: Best Practices for Effectiveness and the Department of Ecology's Puget Sound Ecosystem Monitoring Program Stormwater Work Group page. For additional resources consult the individual stormwater manuals that can be found on the page, Local Storm and Surface Management Plans, Programs, Regulations and Policy Documents. See also MRSC's Low Impact Development page.
General Best Management Practices
- International Stormwater Best Management Practices (BMP) Database, ASCE, EPA and others
- National Menu of Stormwater Best Management Practices, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, NPDES
- Pierce County Stormwater Management and Site Development Manual, Vol. IV - Source Control (Best Management Practices Manual)(), 2008 Stormwater Resources, Puget Sound Partnership
- Stormwater Management Best Practices, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
- Stormwater Best Management Practices Municipal Handbook, and The California Stormwater Best Management (BMP) Practice Handbooks/Portal, California Stormwater Quality Association, last updated 2009
- Stormwater Management and Design Manuals, Department of Ecology - Manuals under revision; see best practices chapters
- Using Smart Growth Techniques as Stormwater Best Management Practices, Environmental Protection Agency, EPA 231-B-05-002, December 2005
- Washington Stormwater Center - A collaboration between Washington State University and the University of Washington
Treatment Best Management Practices
Local Government Examples
Best Management Practices for Specific Facilities